Where was Mercedes founded?

In this article, we take a brief look into the history of Mercedes Benz and answer the following questions: where was Mercedes Benz founded? Which was the first Mercedes Benz car? Where are Mercedes cars manufactured? Which are the different classes in Mercedes Benz?

Where was Mercedes Benz founded?

Mercedes Benz was founded in Stuttgart, Germany. In 1926,  two major German automotive companies Benz & Cie and DMG Daimler Motor Gesellschaft merged and signed an agreement of mutual interest. 

The agreement was in effect till 2000 and the newly founded Daimler Benz company sold the cars under the brand of Mercedes Benz.

The logo of Mercedes Benz is a combination of three-pointed stars of Daimler which represents the total domination of Daimler engines over sky, land and water surrounded by the traditional laurels from the Benz logo.

 The logo went through many changes since its first design but it still has both the elements from Daimler and Benz logos.

How was the Mercedes Benz established?

Karl Benz, also known as the father of modern automobiles filed the patent in Berlin, Germany for the first car powered by a gasoline engine with an electrical ignition system. The patent is considered as the birth certificate of automobiles. 

With the help from the dowry received in marriage with Barth Benz, Karl Benz invented the first internal combustion engine and used it in the Benz patent motorwagen. Bertha Benz, also a business partner of Karl Benz, was the first person in history to travel more than 100km in a motorwagen invented by Karl Benz. 

Bertha herself was an automotive inventor and during the journey she made several improvements like adding brake linings, documenting areas that can improve the reliability of the first Benz patent motorwagen.

 As the motorwagen could not climb the hill unaided, it was her suggestion to add one more gear to the origiA European automobile entrepreneur Emil Jellinek gave a contract for manufacturing 36 race cars for his high profile clients. William Maybach designed a car according to the specifications of Emil Jellinek with a 35 horsepower engine and the cars were named after his daughter Mercedes Jellinek. The 1901 car was known as the first Mercedes.

Gottlieb Daimler passed away in 1900 and DMC merged with Benz and Cie to survive the economic crisis. Karl Benz and Emil Jellinek remained members of the newly formed Daimler and Benz alliance and continued manufacturing cars.

nal two-speed gearbox of Benz’s patent motorwagen.

The Bertha Benz memorial route was established and even today it is possible to drive a complete 194 km and experience the journey.

On the other hand, Gottlieb Daimler along with his chief designer William Maybach was also producing stage coaches powered by small internal combustion engines. Daimler engines were used in motorboats and aircraft.

Where are Mercedes Benz cars manufactured?

Mercedes Benz has production factories all over the world but the main manufacturing factories are located only in Germany. Other location does not manufacture cars but only assembles from knockdown kits. The company has factories in 17 countries across 4 continents. 

Following are a few of the Mercedes Benz factories.

  • Bremen, Germany
  • East London, South Africa
  • Hambach, France
  • Iracemápolis, Brazil
  • Kecskemet, Hungary
  • Rastatt, Germany
  • Sindelfingen, Germany
  • Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
  • Bangkok, Thailand
  • Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Pekan, Indonesia
  • Pune, India
  • Affalterbach, Germany
  • Arnstadt, Germany
  • Berlin, Germany
  • Cugir, Romania
  • Hamburg, Germany
  • Kolla, Germany

The factory in Stuttgart, Germany is the mother factory, all the development, production and shipment of engines, transmissions and CKDs are shipped from this location. It is also the headquarters of the Daimler AG, recently named as Mercedes Benz group AG. The Stuttgart factory has a history extending back over 115 years and it is the highest tech location for the production of cars and hybrid drive systems. 

Mercedes Benz AG will be focusing on the development and production of electric cars under the EQ brand, and the Stuttgart factory will also produce lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. Battery factories also built-in Brühl and Hedelfingen plant sections. 

In addition to assembly and manufacturing parts of the electric cars, Germany will also become a global hub for battery production. 

The plant has six total facilities, Untertürkheim and Bad Cannstatt are responsible for the production of engines and the forge is also located there. The transmissions are manufactured in Sindelfingen. Mettingen has the foundry for axle production.

Which are the different classes in Mercedes Benz?

Following are different models manufactured by Mercedes Benz:

  • Mercedes-Benz A-Class-

It is a subcompact hatchback produced under NGC new generation cars. The class has AMG 35 and 45 high-performance models. It is also available in estate and sedan body types. GLA is also based on the A-class platform, it is a Compact SUV with larger tyres and better ground clearance.

  • Mercedes-Benz B class-

 B class is also a compact hatchback with an emphasis on cargo space. It is an NGC car and also available in compact SUV GLB with 7 seats. There is no AMG for the B class model series. Model series EQB is a recently launched full electric car based on the B class platform. It is available in single motor 2 wheel drive and twin motor 4 wheel drive variants.

  • Mercedes-Benz C-Class- 

The C class is a standard sized sedan from Mercedes Benz. It is also available in the AMG line and AMG 63 model series. The C class coupe comes with a 4MATIC all-wheel-drive system. The C class comes in a soft-top convertible model. 

  • Mercedes-Benz E-Class-

 The E class is the most popular and highest selling Mercedes Benz model in premium sedans. A longer wheelbase version is also sold in markets like India and China. It is the second most technologically advanced car in the Mercedes Benz line-up. E Cabriolet is a soft-top two-door coupe available with a 4 and 6 cylinder petrol engine.

The S Class is the most premium sedan and also the most technologically advanced vehicle from Mercedes Benz. S class comes with a luxury Maybach model and high-performance S 63 amg with sports coupe version.

  • Mercedes-Benz GLC-

The GLC is the start in the SUV family of Mercedes Benz with a 4MATIC all-wheel-drive system. The EQC full electric car is based on the GLC platform. GLC comes with inline 4 cylinder diesel and petrol engine. High-performance GLC 63 AMG has a bigger 8 cylinder V8 engine with a cylinder shut-off function for better fuel economy. AMG Line model GLC 43 has a V6 engine and all-wheel-drive system. AIRMATIC suspension is only available on AMG line and AMG models.

  • Mercedes-Benz GLE/ GLS

GLE is the full-sized SUV available in a more powerful 6 cylinder turbo diesel engine. In some markets, it has a 7 seat version. The GLE also features AIRMATIC suspension. GLE specialises in off-road driving conditions, special driving modes and torque distribution can send 100 % of power to the wheel that has grip.

 The newly developed pneumatic and hydraulic suspension can also rock the car if the car is stuck off-road. GLS is the largest SUV from Mercedes Benz. It also comes in a luxury GLS Maybach model with a hybrid hydraulic and Airmatic suspension system. 

Conclusion

Mercedes Benz is one of the biggest automotive groups today and number one in the luxury car segment. It is known for making good reliable cars and Mercedes Benz is also manufacturing fully electric cars under the EQ brand. The main goal is to go full electric until the year 2030. 

References

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